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  • HBCD is a colorless solid with the chemical formula: C12H18Br6.
  • Hexabromocyclododecane(HBCD) is a man-made chemical that is widely used for flame retardant purposes. It is long-lasting in the environment and possibly toxic.
  • Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)1 is a brominated flame retardant used for many years mainly in thermal insulation foams and in textile coatings.
  • HBCD is usually stabilized either by organo-tin and/or BHT (Butylated Hydroxy Toluene) based systems, as part of masterbatch preparation.
  • The production of HBCDD is a batch-process.
  • HBCD’s main use is in Expanded and Extruded Polystyrene (EPS and XPS) insulation foam boards which are widely used by the construction sector.
  • Technical 1,2,5,6,9,10-HBCD is produced by bromination of cis, trans, trans cyclododecatriene (CDT);
    the resulting mixture contains three predominant diastereomers (α-, β-, and γ-HBCD)
  • A method for the detection of the a, ß and ?-diastereoisomers of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDs) in foods of animal origin, such as fish, chicken,
    milk, butter and so on was developed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS)  and isotope dilution.
  • The interconversion processes of the major flame retardant – 1,2,5,6,9,10-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) investigated– by
    the means of statistical thermodynamics based on classical force-fields.
  • A congener-specific method based on high-performance liquid chromatography /electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry
    (HPLC/ES-MS/MS) in the negative ion mode was developed for the analysis of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD).
  • The geographical distribution of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) was investigated through analysis of muscle tissue of skipjack tuna
    (Katsuwonus pelamis) collected from offshore waters of Asia-Pacific region.
  • These improved HBCD grades show excellent performance in XPS application due to their very low impurity level
  • HBCD is produced in one European plant which is located in the Netherlands. This HBCD production plant has developed methods and use state of the art technology to control air, water and solid waste emissions:
  • The Canadian government did not consider HBCD a threat to human health at the levels of current exposure.
  • HBCD is being named a Minnesota Priority Chemical because it is persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic and it has been found in the home environment.
  • It has been previously reported that the presence of 1,5,9-cyclododecatriene (CDT) impurities in the ctt-CDT
    utilized for HBCD production can lead to the formation of minor isomers, however alkoxylated HBCD species
    and compounds containing less than 6 bromine atoms have also been observed in technical material.
  • HBCD is the third most widely used brominated flame retardant, accounting for 8.2% of total market demand.
  • HBCD is not a listed chemical for the U.S. Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) program, and therefore there is no release data available.
  • The EU-wide
    consumption of HBCDD few years back was 11,000 tonnes, implying net imports to the EU of about 5,000 tonnes.
  • The estimated releases of HBCDD to the environment during the manufacture and
    formulation of HBCDD are 41 kg to air, 60 kg to waste water and 35 kg to surface
    water per year
  • HBCDD is presently only produced at one site in the Netherlands.
  • The total amount of HBCDD used for micronising was about 1,000 tonnes per year
General Information
  • About Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Hexabromocyclododecane fact sheet
  • Hexabromocyclododecane general information
  • Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Hexabromocyclododecane introduction
  • HBCD
  • Hexabromocyclododecane overview
  • Substitution of HBCDD, DEHP, BBP and DBP


  • Distribution and transportability of hexabromocyclododecane
    (HBCD) in the Asia-Pacific region using skipjack tuna as a bioindicator
  • Factors Affecting Enantiomeric Fractions of Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Hexabromocyclododecane : Adducts & Impurities


  • Biomagnnification of polybrominated diphenyl ether and Hexabromocyclododecane flame retardants in the polar bear food chain in svalbard, norway
  • Exposure to Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) emitted into indoor air by drawing flame retarded curtain
  • HBCD use & application in EPS foam insulation
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Inhibits Depolarization-Induced Increase in
    Intracellular Calcium Levels and Neurotransmitter Release in PC12 Cells
  • Hexabromocyclododecane in Marine Species from the Western Scheldt Estuary: Diastereoisomer- and Enantiomer-Specific Accumulation
  • An overview of commercially used brominated flame retardants,
    their applications, their use patterns in different countries /regions and possible modes of release


  • Application Data Sheet for extruded polystyrene foam (XPS)
  • Classical hybrid Monte-Carlo
    simulations of the interconversion of hexabromocyclododecane
  • Detection of α-isomer dominated HBCD (hexabromocyclododecane) in Swiss fish at levels comparable to PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers)
  • Determination of α, β, and γ Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in two marine food webs from Norway.
  • Evaluation of the aerobic and anaerobic transformation of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) in soil and sediments
  • Multi-Mode Molecular Dynamics Simulation of the Chromatographic Elution Order of Hexabromocyclododecane Stereoisomers
  • Restricting Flammability of polystyrene:Hexabromocyclododecane π Bond Polystyrene


  • Emission load of Hexabromocyclododecane in japan based on the substance flow analysis
  • Levels of Hexabromocyclododecane
    in Harbor Porpoises and Common
    Dolphins from Western European
    Seas, with Evidence for Stereoisomer-Specific Biotransformation by Cytochrome P450
  • LC-MS/MS analysis of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and Tetrabrombisphenol A (TBBPA) flame retardants in food
  • Isomer-specific analysis of hexabromocyclododecane by LC/MS/MS


  • Toxicological review of  Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Initial Risk-Based Prioritization of High Production Volume Chemicals
  • Preliminary health risk assessment for Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)
    in a flame retarded curtain in Japan
  • Risk Assessment Report on Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Data summary and test plan for Hexabromocyclododecane


  • Biodegradation Study of Hexabromocyclododecane
    Conducted with 1,2,5,6,9,10-Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Environmental Monitoring of
    in Europe
  • Draft Screening Assessment
    Cyclododecane, 1,2,5,6,9,10-hexabromo- Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
  • The transformation of hexabromocyclododecane in aerobic
    andanaerobic soils andaquatic sediments
  • Use of environmental specimen banks
    for investigations of emerging pollutants - recent case studies and outlook for future applications
Company Profiles
  • China Company 1
  • China Company 2
  • China Company 3
  • Company from Israel
  • Consultant from Belgium
  • Consultant from Texas
  • Consultant from USA
  • Consultant from Washington


  • Celfort® Extruded Polystyrene Insulation
  • Foamular® Extruded Polystyrene Insulation
  • 1,2,5,6,9,10-Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Styrofoam Brand oncology board extruded polysterene
  • Safety data for 1,2,5,6,9,10-hexabromocyclododecane
  • 1,2,5,6,9,10-Hexabromocyclododecane, Tech.


  • Preparation of hexabromocyclododecane.
  • Recovery of hexabromocyclododecane particles.
  • Production of hexabromocyclododecane.
  • Alcohol reaction media for production of hexabromocyclododecane.
  • Process for drying hexabromocyclododecane.
  • Process for the preparation of expandable vinyl aromatic polymer particles containing hexabromocyclododecane

Regulatory Act

  • Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) Action Plan
  • Proposal for Harmonised Classification and Labelling : Substance Name: Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Draft Risk Management evaluation of Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Challenges scientists and regulators
  • Exploration of management options for Hexabromocyclododecane
  • Summary of the proposal for the listing of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) in Annex A to the

Functional Effects

  • Biochemical Effects of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) diastereoisomers in
    Juvenile Rainbow trout (Onch orhynchus mykiss)
  • Effects of the flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) on the early life development and metamorphosis of echinoderms
  • An evaluation of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) for Persistent Organic
    Pollutant (POP) properties and the potential for adverse effects in the environment
  • Effects of Hexabromocyclododecane and Polybrominated Diphenyl
    Ethers on mRNA Expression in Chicken (Gallus domesticus) Hepatocytes
  • Subacute effects of the brominated flame retardants Hexabromocyclododecane and tetrabromobisphenol A on hepatic cytocrome P450 levels in rats
  • Subchronic Effects of Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) on Hepatic Gene Expression Profiles in Rats


  • Data on manufacture, import, export, uses and releases of HBCDD as well as information on potential alternatives to its use
  • An Overview of Alternatives to
    Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) and
    Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD)


  • Hexabromocyclododecane Selling leads
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Supplier List
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Exporters
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Manufacturer & Suppliers
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Suppliers
  • Hexabromocyclododecane Sellers

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