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What are they?

  • There are two types of colorants - dyes and pigments. Dyes are soluble substances used to pass color to the substrate and find applications primarily in textiles and leather. There are several types of dyes, however in India disperse, reactive and direct dyes are most
    commonly used. Pigments are insoluble substances and could either be in powdered or granular form. They impart colour by reflecting only certain light rays. Their major end use industries are paints and inks. Pigments can be broadly classified as organic and inorganic.


  • Traditional producers were in Europe, but new ones are now in Asia, particularly India & China
  • In India there are only 50 large organized companies  and about a thousand small industries located at
    Gujarat & Maharastra
  • The large companies, with a better product range , brand image, technology and marketing reach, has been able to increase market share
  • India has largely been an exporting country and has emerged as a global supplier of reactive, acid, vat and direct dyes
  • Dyestuffs are exported to Europe, South East Asia and Taiwan to cater to the textile industries in these countries
  • Printing inks and coatings account for over 70% of consumption of pigments in India.
    Titanium dioxide is a major raw material used in the manufacture of paints. The paints industry is growing at 12 p.a. which has been a major demand driver for pigments. There are also special markets in India for special effect pigments such as metallic and
  • India has grown significantly as a producer and exporter of organic pigments, such as phthalocyanine blue, green and high performance pigments
  • The Indian colorants industry stood at nearly $ 3.5 Bn in 2010 with exports accounting for 68%. It is expected to grow between 11% and 15% to $ 10 Bn to $ 14 Bn by 2020. The steep growth is expected to be driven by boom in infrastructure market and consumer products and India and increasing scope for manufacturing for exports

Rules and Regulations

  • Regulations such as REACH -Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances- which have been designed with the objective of protecting human health and environment from the hazards of chemicals, require that apparel and apparel chemical exporters to Europe  provide their buyers with information regarding the substance used in manufacturing.
  • Due to regulatory norms from the European markets and stricter local pollution norms have forced many in the unorganized sector to exit resulting in increase in the share of the organized players.
  • Current information can be checked at The web site of the Government


  • Acid dyes, Vat dyes, reactive dyes, disperse dyes, azoic dyes, sulfur dyes, Food dyes, solvent dyes, Carbene dyes, natural dyes ..
  • Azo compound, aureolin, betanin, carbon black, cochinel , hansa yellow melanin, photopigment, phototropin, protocyanin, rose madder, soot, turacin ,urobilin are some examples of Pigments


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