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  • Lithium is an alkali metal, and like all the other alkali metals, it reacts spontaneously with water, liberating hydrogen gas.
  • Lithium is the lightest of all metals, with a density only about half that of water. It does not occur free in nature; combined it is found in small amounts in nearly all igneous rocks and in the waters of many mineral springs.
  • Lithium minerals occur mainly in granitic pegmatites. Spodumene, a lithium-aluminum silicate, and naturally occurring lithium-containing brines are the main sources of lithium.Lithium is most commonly extracted from spodumene.
  • It is used as a desgasifier and refining agent for molten metals and in the production of copper and its alloys.
  • The lithium fluoride is used in the manufacturing of prisms and infrared spectrophotometers and it is used in the production of enamels. The lithium chloride and bromide can be used as drying agents and are also used as lubricants. One of the most imp ortant applications of this element is in the reagent preparation for organic synthesis, in particular of the complex hydrides of aluminum and boron, with widespread applications.
  • Lithium salts can be used to suppress alkali-silica reactions in concrete.
  • Today, lithium is administered to patients as a lithium salt, usually as lithium carbonate or lithium citrate, which is taken by mouth in capsule, tablet, or syrup form. Pharmaceutical companies often assign a "trade name" to their products. Examples of trade names for lithium are Cibalith, Eskalith, Lithane, and Lithobid.
  • It is also an important battery anode material, used in lithium ion batteries due to its high electrochemical potential. In addition to being lighter than the standard dry cell, these batteries produce a higher voltage (3 volts versus 1.5 volts).
  • Chile, China and the United States are the world’s leading producers of lithium ore and brine. Other significant producers include Argentina, Brazil, Australia, Portugal,Russia and Zimbabwe.
  • The United States is the largest producer and consumer of lithium minerals and compounds worldwide.In Canada, lithium is primarily consumed by the aluminum industry as lithium carbonate.
  • Prices of lithium carbonate rose by 20% in 2005 and growth of up to 25% is forecast by Roskill Consulting Group for 2006, bringing prices back to the peak levels seen prior to SQM's entry into the market in 1996. New capacity due on-stream in Chile, Argentina and China is forecast to alleviate the upward pressure on prices after 2007.
  • China may emerge as a significant producer of brine-based lithium carbonate towards the end of this decade. Potential capacity of up to 45,000 tonnes per year could come on-stream if projects in Qinghai province and Tibet proceed.
  • Portable electronic consumer products will remain the main area of growth for secondary batteries through 2010, with shipments to the Asian cellular phone market alone estimated to rise by 50%py and growth rates in Russia and Poland reaching 70%py.
General Introduction
  • Lithium - Basic Features
  • Chemical Fact Sheet
  • Lithium
  • Lithium - Medications
  • Description
  • Basic Information
  • Chemical properties of lithium
  • Lithium Drug

Mineral Sources

  • Amblygonite
  • Lepidolite
  • Lithium minerals
  • Lithium Sources
  • Spodumene Ore


  • ORNL's thin film lithium technology
  • Technology Overview
  • Advanced Phosphate-Based Active Materials
  • Cold Neutron Depth Profiling of Lithium Battery Materials
  • New Thin Film Lithium Technology
  • Using Advanced Lithium Technology to Combat ASR in Concrete.
  • Current Lithium Technology
  • Performance Evaluation and Degradation Mechanism of Lithium Ion Batteries
  • Operating principles of lithium ion rechargeable batteries Operating principles

Lithium Extraction and Processing

  • Changes in the mechanism of lithium extraction
  • Toward New Technologies for the Production of Lithium
  • Extraction of Lithium from Lithium Containing Materials
  • Multi-cycle operations for Lithium Extraction-insertion
  • Process for Producing Lithium Concentrate From Brine or Seawater
  • Cyclical vacuum chlorination processes, including lithium extraction
  • Lithium Production
  • Method and apparatus for extracting lithium
  • Lithium Chloride from Lepidolite


  • Battery Making Machinery
  • Winding Device.
  • Power Anlyser units
  • Rechargeable Battery Winding Machine
  • Moisture Control In Lithium Battery Rooms
  • Kokam Co., Ltd


  • Averstortm Lithium - Metal - Polymer Batteries
  • Lithium Powder
  • Lithium Products
  • Lithium Chemical Product Line
  • Lithium AA Batteries
  • Premium Lithium Grease
  • Milwaukee V28 Lithium Ion Products
  • Scaleable Li-Ion AC UPS


  • Cambridge Consultants
  • Huret Associates , Inc
  • Experts
  • Jerry Barker Consultants
  • PMBL Ltd
  • TRU

Safety Guidelines

  • Lithium and Pregnancy
  • MSDS
  • Safety Issues Related to Liquid Metals
  • The Safety of Lithium-based Chemistry
  • Lithium Safety Information
  • Consumption and Uses
  • Demand for lithium
  • Lithium Production
  • Lithium Production in 2001
  • Consumption data for the years 1971–2004
  • Evaluating New Directions for the Lithium Market
  • Yearend Average Lithium Price
  • Lithium supply & demand
  • Reflections on Investing in the Future of Lithium
  • Lithium World Developments
  • Robust exports buoy lithium battery production


  • Lithium Plant
  • Novosibirsk Chemical Concentrates Plant
  • European Fusion Power Plant Studies
  • G&P Batteries
  • Power Plant
  • Remaining Contents of Lithium Ion Battery Manufacturing Plant

Company Profiles

  • FMC Corporation
  • Lithium Technology Corporation
  • Sons of Gwalia LTD
  • Batrec
  • Ganfeng Lithium Co., Ltd
  • Hitachi Maxell, Ltd.
  • Sudershan Laboratories Limited


  • Giant Crystal Project
  • FMC Lithium Processing Plant Rebuild
  • Research Projects
  • An Eye on Lithium Batteries
  • Lithium Ferrate and Lithium Cobaltate Cathodes for Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
  • Lithium Batteries for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles
  • Battery Capacity Measurement And Analysis Using Lithium Coin Cell Battery
  • NIOSH Reconstruction Project
  • Liquid Lithium Stripper Films and Windowless Target
  • A Motorbike Without Fuel


  • Case Study
  • Airborne survey seeks kimberlites
  • Mechanism of lithium insertion-extraction in metallophosphates with olivine-like structure
  • Lithium and the kidney scare
  • Report on Activities
  • Final Report on Lithium Batteries
  • Thermal contact to lithium metal

Applications and Uses

  • Alternative uses of lithium in psychiatry
  • Thin Film Lithium Battery and Process
  • Lithium pharmacology
  • Grease Manufacturing Process
  • Psychiatric Uses of Lithium for Children and Adolescents
  • Applications
  • Lithium battery
  • Rechargeable Lithium Battery Construction
  • Lithium's Uses
  • Uses of Lithium in Patients Without Major Affective Illness
  • Uses
  • The Impact of Lithium-Metal-Polymer Battery
  • Lithium-Ion Advantages for Medical Products

Suppliers and Buyers

  • Lithium Products Manufacturers & Suppliers
  • Lithium Manufacturers
    Lithium Product Sellers
  • Lithium Products and Suppliers
  • Lithium Metal Suppliers
  • Lithium Suppliers
  • Buyers


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