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  • Vanadium is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol V and atomic number 23. A rare, soft and ductile element, vanadium is found combined in certain minerals and is used mainly to produce certain alloys. It is one of the 26 elements commonly found in living things.
  • Vanadium is a soft and ductile, silver-grey metal. It has good resistance to corrosion by alkalis, sulfuric and hydrochloric acid. It oxidizes readily at about 933 K. Vanadium has good structural strength and a low fission neutron cross section, making it useful in nuclear applications.It shares with chromium and manganese the property of having valency oxides with acid properties.
  • In biology, a vanadium atom is an essential component of some enzymes, particularly the vanadium nitrogenase used by some nitrogen-fixing micro-organisms. Vanadium is essential to ascidians or sea squirts in vanadium chromagen proteins. The concentration of vanadium in their blood is more than 100 times higher than the concentration of vanadium in the seawater around them. Rats and chickens are also known to require vanadium in very small amounts and deficiencies result in reduced growth and impaired reproduction.
  • Vanadium is never found unbound in nature but it does occur in about 65 different minerals among which are patronite VS4, vanadinite Pb5(VO4)3Cl, and carnotite K2(UO2)2(VO4)2.3H2O. Vanadium is also present in bauxite, and in carbon containing deposits such as crude oil, coal, oil shale and tar sands. Vanadium has also been detected spectroscopically in light from the Sun and some other stars.
  • Vanadium in the form of ammonium monovanadate supplemented in drinking water ad libitum has been found to be highly effective in reducing rumor incidence and preneoplastic foci on DMH-induced colorectal carcinogenesis. These findings suggest that vanadium administration can suppress colon carcinogenesis in rats.
  • Vanadium, an element of complex chemistry is of considerable scientific and biological interest nowadays, because of its diverse physiological properties with narrow thresholds between essential and toxic doses. Vanadium is observed to be capable of exhibiting some unique beneficial effects particularly, its anticarcinogenic potential under a very low dose without any adverse toxicity.
  • Most of the vanadium (about 80%) produced is used as ferrovanadium or as a steel additive. Mixed with aluminium in titanium alloys is used in jet engines and high speed air-frames, and steel alloys are used in axles, crankshafts, gears and other critical components. Vanadium alloys are also used in nuclear reactors because vanadium has low neutron-adsorption abilities and it does not deform in creeping under high temperatures.
  • Vanadium oxide  is used as a catalyst in manufacturing sulfuric acid and maleic anhydride and in making ceramics. It is added to glass to produce green or blue tint. Glass coated with vanadium dioxide can block infrared radiation at some specific temperature. Vanadium helps in the metabolism of cholesterol and sugar in the body, thereby preventing the occurrence of heart attacks.
  • In the first six months of 2006 China’s production of specialty steels which contain vanadium grew by 22.5%1, far outpacing growth in total crude steel production. This trend is projected to continue for an extended period, on a global level, as emerging economies (China, India and others) continue to industrialise. Macquarie Bank forecasts2 total world steel production to grow at an annual 5.8%, with China increasing her share to 40% by 2010. Increasing intensity of use, coupled with increasing steel production, will see vanadium consumption in steel use grow by at least 7% per year.
  • In 2005, a surge in global steel production created an unprecedented demand for vanadium, reduced stockpiles, and sent the metal to an all time high of US$16.3/pound. To meet to the high demand, producer output reached a record 60,000 tonnes and vanadium inventories declined. Since 2005, demand for Vanadium has remained strong, which has put more pressure on the supply side. This pressure has been compounded by the closure of some vanadium mines throughout 2000-2004 when prices were depressed. Currently, steel production is expected to remain strong until at least 2010. This is expected to help create a sustained period of increasing demand for vanadium.
General Information
  • Vanadium
  • Vanadium(V) oxide
  • Periodic table of vanadium
  • Elemental information of vanadium
  • History and sources of vanadium

Production Process

  • Thermal diffusion process
  • High purity vanadium chemicals from recycled residues
  • Manufacturing of vanadium in United States
  • Preparation of Vanadium Pentoxide Powders by Microwave Plasma
  • Preparation of vanadium-doped TiO2 thin films on glass substrates
  • Manufacturing process of steel
  • Production process of vanadium-lined HT9 cladding tubes

Company Profiles

  • American Elements
  • GfE
  • Gulf Chemical & Metallurgical Corporation
  • Highweld
  • Orissa Mining Corporation Limited
  • Shinko Chemical
  • Vulcan Resources Limited


  • CRU Strategies
  • Eric Taarland
  • Mineral Industry Consultants Association Inc.
  • Steve Forrest Associates


  • Effect of Vanadium on Mechanical Properties and Bake Hardenability in ULC Steels
  • Vanadium interferes with siderophoremediated
    iron uptake in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • The uptake of vanadium by tunicates
  • X-ray structure of a vanadium-containing enzyme
  • Molecular dynamics study of melting of the bcc metal vanadium
  • Study of growth and oxidation of vanadium films on α-Fe2O3
  • Effect of vanadium on colonic aberrant crypt foci induced in rats by 1,2 Dimethyl hydrazine
  • X-ray crystal structure of a peroxovanadium(V) complex containing a V(O2)(RCO2H)(H2O)2 cluster


  • Vanadium properties
  • Chemical properties of vanadium
  • Vanadium alloy properties
  • Electronic properties of vanadium
  • Properties and Applications of Vanadium
  • Thermal and electromagnetic properties of light vanadium isotopes
  • Structure and Properties of Vanadium Oxide–Zirconia Catalysts
  • Microwave properties of vanadium borate glasses
  • Magnetic properties of vanadium-oxide nanotubes

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Vanadium
  • Bis Glycinato Oxo Vanadium
  • High Purity Standards- Vanadium
  • Safety data for vanadium
  • Vanadium Standard 
  • Science Lab- Vanadium


  • Method of producing vanadium
  • Metal vanadium oxide particles
  • Method of processing vanadium-containing residues
  • Processing of vanadium oxide particles with heat
  • Method of preparing vanadium pentoxide from metallurgical slags containing vanadium
  • Process for recovering vanadium values from acidic sulfate solution
  • Process for preparing a vanadium-nickel-chromium master alloy
  • Recombinant minimal catalytic vanadium haloperoxidases and their uses
  • Recombinant vanadium haloperoxidases and their uses


  • Vanadium for diabetes
  • Nutritional benefits of vanadium
  • Uses of vanadium
  • Vanadium-Phosphonates as Catalysts
  • Uses and compounds of vanadium
  • Vanadium applications
  • Development and Use of Vanadium in Micro-Alloyed Reinforcing Bar
  • NiV7 for Semiconductor Applications
  • Vanadium in Cold-rolled Sheet Steels
  • Fabrication Development and Usage of Vanadium Alloys in DIII–D
  • Advantages of using vanadium redox batteries in telecommunications prime power sites
  • Revolution in catalyst technology
  • Tungsten Coating on Low Activation Vanadium Alloy by Plasma Spray Process
  • High-Affinity Vanadate Transport System in the Cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis
  • Carbothermal reduction and nitride preparing for vanadium nitride
  • Monitoring TiCl4 and Vanadium in the TiO2 Manufacturing Process
  • Amelioration of altered antioxidant status and membrane linked functions by vanadium and Trigonella
  • Development of Manufacturing Technology for High Purity Low Activation Vanadium Alloys
  • Balance of titanium and vanadium in the blast furnace with the use of sinter containing a titanium-vanadium-magnetite concentrate


  • Vanadium products
  • Vanadium nutritional products
  • Coral Calcium
  • Vanadium in supplements
  • Vanadium pentoxide products

Plants and Projects

  • On-line UV-VIS-SWNIR diode array process analyzer
  • Windimura vanadium project
  • Kerr-McGee Chemical Corporation
  • Vanadium project
  • Vanadium carbide coating process
  • Julia Creek Vanadium Project
  • Production of Vanadium Oxide (V2O3) Using Vanadium-bearing Slag
  • Pinnacle vanadium project
  • Vanadium based projects
  • Comprehensive utilisation of vanadium and titanium resources in the Panzhihua area
  • Arafura Resources vanadium project
  • Aurox Resources Limited- vanadium projects
  • Largo Resources vanadium project
  • Vulcan acquires world class vanadium opportunity in Finland


  • The vanadium market
  • Production, Import, Use and disposal of vanadium
  • Vanadium Supply and Demand Trends
  • World overview of vanadium
  • World overview of Vanadium pentoxide & Ferrovanadium
  • Vanadium Market Shows Signs of Improvement During Q1 2003
  • Vanadium marketing
  • Xstrata alloys market
  • Spray-Formed Steels Help Moldmakers Meet New Demands
  • Maximum exposure limit for vanadium pentoxide regulatory impact assessment


  • Annual Average Vanadium Pentoxide Price
  • Recovery of vanadium from LD slag
  • Strongly Enhanced Magnetic Moments of Vanadium Impurities in Thin Films of Sodium and Potassium
  • Vanadium statistics
  • Vanadium end-use statistics
  • Yonge Nawe annual report
  • PMA annual report
  • Xstrata annual report
  • Vanadium market in 2001
  • Vanadium market in 2002
  • Vanadium market in 2003
  • Vanadium market in 2004
  • Vanadium market in 2005
  • Vanadium market upto 2004
  • Vanadium in December 2005
  • Vanadium in December 2006
  • Vanadium in January 2007

Manufacturers, Suppliers and Buyers

  • Vanadium exporters
  • China suppliers of vanadium pentoxide
  • Sell offers of ferrovanadium
  • Ferrovanadium manufacturers
  • Maharashtra suppliers of vanadium pentoxide
  • Vanadium CAS 7440-62-2 suppliers
  • Vanadium pentoxide sellers
  • Vanadium oxide suppliers
  • Vanadium pentoxide exporter
  • Vanadium pentoxide suppliers
  • Vanadium buyers
  • Vanadium buyers list

Equipment Suppliers

  • Boilers suppliers directory
  • Directional coupler manufacturers
  • Chemical and petrochemical filters suppliers
  • Heat treatment furnaces suppliers
  • Manufacturers of heaters
  • Heat treatment systems suppliers
  • Isolator sellers
  • TFT LCD Monitor Manufacturers
  • Water tank exporters

Safety and Guides

  • Toxiological profile for vanadium and compounds
  • Risk assessment of vanadium
  • Occupational safety and health guideline for vanadium pentoxide dust
  • FAQ's about vanadium and compounds

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