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Contents on the CD Rom

  • Coal combustion products (CCP's) are the inorganic residues that remain after pulverized coal is burned.
  • CCPs are the residuals from the combustion of coal and include:Fly ash, Bottom ash and boiler slag, Air emission control system residues.
  • Coal combustion products (CCPs) are categorized in four groups, each based on physical and chemical forms derived from coal combustion methods and emission controls.
  • As coal is burned in a power plant or industrial boiler, its noncombustible mineral content (ash) is partitioned into bottom ash (or slag), which remains in the furnace, and fly ash, which rises with flue gases.
  • Flue gas desulfurization is a chemical process to remove sulfur oxides from the flue gas at coal-burning powerplants.
  • Carcinogenic and mutagenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) generated in coal combustion.
  • In a pulverized coal power plant, finely crushed coal is fed into a combustion chamber where it ignites. Most of the carbon is burned, the volatiles vaporize and the boiler tubes, filled with water are heated to form steam to drive the turbines. The inorganic noncombustible material forms coal combustion byproducts.
  • Coal bottom ash and boiler slag are the coarse, granular, incombustible byproducts that are collected from the bottom of furnaces that burn coal for the generation of steam, the production of electric power, or both.
  • Fly ash is the fine powder formed from the mineral matter in coal, consisting of the noncombustible matter in coal plus a small amount of carbon that remains from incomplete combustion.
  • CCP's are used, in decreasing tonnage, in cement and concrete, structural fill, road bases, agriculture, and other applications.
  • When CCP's are used, natural resources can last longer and mining costs can be reduced.
  • Alkaline Injection Technology (AIT) involves introducing alkaline coal combustion byproducts (CCBs) into a mine void to impart alkalinity, increases pH, and precipitates metals; thus, improving the quality of acid mine drainage (AMD).
  • Soils have been amended with fly ash in order to correct micronutrient deficiencies.
  • Using CCPs has several environmentally sound benefits, including: the reduction of green house gases; the conservation of natural resources; and a decrease in the need for new landfill space.
    CCPs used to create the highway embankment.
  • A new combustion technology has been developed for pulverixed coal combustion, in which raw coal is oulverized into fine particles and then fired in thermal power station.
  • Chromium XAFS spectroscopy has been used to determine the relative amounts of Cr(V1) and Cr(Il1) in ash samples obtained from coal combustion.
  • The ash composition was measured by X-ray spectroscopy technique at elevated temperatures
  • U.S. electric utilities produced approximately 122 million tons of CCPs.
  • Coal ash (both bottom ash and fly ash) is being placed at a rate of about 800,000 tons annually in an active strip mine near an electric power plant in West Virginia.
  • Coal is and will remain in the next future a most important primary energy to produce power and steam all over the world.
  • The amount of CCPs produced in European (EU15) power plants totals to 55 million tonnes.
  • Over 125 Million tones of CCPs are produced annually in US.
  • Fly ash is the predominant CCP, with production estimated at just over 36 million tones per year in US.
General Information
  • About Coal Combustion Products
  • Coal Combustion Products
  • Coal Combustion Products (CCP) Basics
  • Coal Combustion Byproducts

Company & Consultant

  • Indian Company from Tamil Nadu
  • Coal Consulting Experts
  • Consultant from Minnesota
  • Consultant from Nevada
  • Consultant from Pennsylvania
  • Consultant from Sydney
  • Consultant from USA


  • Production of Coal Combustion Product in 1999
  • Production of Coal Combustion Product in 1998
  • Production of Coal Combustion Product in 2000
  • Production of Coal Combustion Product in 2001
  • Production of Coal Combustion Product in 2002
  • The Production, Disposal and Beneficial Use of Coal Combustion Product in Florida


  • Coal Combustion Products
  • Evaluation of Bottom ash of a coal combustion process as concrete, cement and highway base materials
  • Material Flow in the Production and Use of Coal Combustion Products
  • Expected Impacts to Coal Combustion Product Utilization (Risks, Landfilling, and Costs) From Mercury Sorbent Materials
  • Performance of PAHs emission from bituminous coal combustion
  • Reclamation of Coal Refuse Disposal Areas
  • Triboelectrostatic Process of Combustion fly ash after carbon burnout


  • The Use of Coal Combustion By-Products for In Situ Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage
  • The Potential for Beneficial Reuse of Coal Fly Ash in Southwest Virginia Mining Environments
  • Use of Coal combustion product in Mine-Filling Applications
  • The behavior of Coal Combustion products in Structural fills
  • Coal combustion products opportunity for beneficial use
  • Uses for Coal Combustion Products in Highway Construction


  • Pulverized Coal Combustion Apparatus
  • Pulverized Coal Combustion Burner
  • Coal Combustion Product Recovery Process
  • Coal Combustion Fly Ash Soil Amendments
  • Stabilization of Coal Wastes and Coal Combustion byproducts
  • Coal Combustion System


  • Developing Pulverized coal combustion technology for sub-bituminous coal
  • State of the Art of Oxy-Coal Combustion Technology for CO2 Control from Coal-Fired Boilers
  • Re-Use of Clean Coal Technology By-Products in the Construction of Low Permeability Liners
  • Determination of Chromium Oxidation states in Coal combustion products by XAFs Spectroscopy
  • Analysis of the Combustion Behavior of Iron in Coal Combustion by In-situ X-ray Spectroscopy
Material Safety Data Sheet
  • Asphalt Pavement Sealer
  • Class 5 Flyash
  • Fluid Coke
  • Synthetic Gypsum
  • Coal Fly Ash


  • Coal Combustion Products (CCP) Extension Program
  • Fate of Mercury in Coal  Combustion Products
  • Landfill Cost Model for Coal Combustion Products (CCPs)
  • Proposed Upgrade and Expansion of Coal Combustion Product Management Facility, Rocky Point Rd, Dora Creek
  • Transportation and Market Feasibility Analysis for Innovative Coal Combustion Byproducts to be Manufactured Adjacent to the I-64 High Tech Corridor
  • Environmental Assessment Scoping Report for Upgrade and Expansion of Coal Combustion Product Management Facility at Eraring Power Station

Management & Regulatory Issues

  • Utility Industry Action Plan for the Management of Coal Combustion Products
  • C2P2 Partners Show Know-How for Reusing Coal Combustion Products
  • Total Fly Ash Management
  • Study finds improvements in environmental management of coal combustion wastes
  • Coal Combustion Product Management
  • PPRP Promotes Beneficial Uses for Coal Combustion Products
  • Coal Combustion Waste North Dakota Regulatory Perspective
  • Coal Combustion Products Partnership (C2P2)
  • Coal Combustion Products Environmental Issues - 2008 Portfolio
  • Coal Combustion Products Environmental Issues - 2009 Portfolio
  • American Coal ash Association Programs to advance the management and use of Coal combustion products
  • Groundwater Protection and Coal Combustion Products Management
  • Coal Combustion Products: Challenges and Opportunities
  • Market Opportunity for the utilization of ohio flue gas desulfurization(FGD) and other coal combustion product
  • Policy making for greening the concrete industry in Canada
  • CCPs in Europe
  • The value of Coal Combustion Products: An Economic Assessment of CCP utilization for the US Economy


  • Chemical Fixation of CO 2 in Coal Combustion Products and Recycling Through Biosystems
  • Experimenting with coal combustion products as liners for treatment wetlands: 2002 report
  • Mercury and Air toxic elements impact of Coal combustion byproduct disposal and utilization
  • Properties and Potential Water Quality Effects of Post-2000 Coal Combustion Products
  • Are you using the appropriate coal combustion byproducts and coal combustion products terminology in coal mining reclamation applications?
  • Suppliers of Fly ash
  • Suppliers of Flue gas desulphurization

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